Ahmed M.M.M., El-Hag F.M. and Awouda M.M. (2000). The use of guar meal in the diet of sheep. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 9, 91-98.
AOAC. (2000). Official Methods of Analysis. 17th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA.
Blummel M. (2000). Predicting the partitioning of fermentation products by combined in vitro gas volume-substrate degradability measurements: opportunities and limitations. Pp. 48-58 in Gas Production: Fermentation Kinetics for Feed Evaluation and to Assess Microbial activity. British Society of Animal Science. Penicuik, Midlothian, UK.
Blummel M., Makkar H.P.S. and Becker K. (1997). In vitro gas production: a technique revisited. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 77, 24-34.
Broderick G.A. and Kang J.H. (1980). Automated simultaneous determination of ammonia and total amino acids in ruminal fluid and in vitro media. J. Dairy Sci. 63, 64-75.
Conner S. (2002). Characterization of guar meal for use in poultry ration. PhD Thesis, Texas A&M Univ., College Station, Texas.
Danesh Mesgaran M., Jahani-Azizabadi H. and Vakili A. (2010). The effect of heat or heat-xylose processing on chemical composition and in vitro first order dry matter and crude protein disappearance kinetics of guar meal. World Aca. Sci. Eng. Tech.68, 2179-2180.
France J., Dhanoa M.S., Theodorou M.K., Lister S.J., Davies D.R. and Isac D. (1993). A model to interpret gas accumulation profiles associated with in vitro degradation of ruminant feeds. J. Theor. Biol. 163, 99-111.
Habib G., Ali M., Bezabih M. and Khan N.A. (2013a). In situ assessment of ruminal dry matter degradation kinetics and effective rumen degradability of feedstuffs originated from agro-industrial by-products. Pakistanian Vet. J. 33, 466-470.
Habib G., Khan N.A., Ali M. and Bezabih M. (2013b). In situ ruminal crude protein degradability of by-products from cereals, oilseeds and animal origin. Livest. Sci. 153, 81-87.
Jahani-Azizabadi H., Danesh Mesgaran M., Vakili A.R., Vatandoost M., Abdi Ghezeljeh E. and Mojtahedi M. (2010). The effect of heat or heat-xylose processing on nitrogen fractions and in situ/in vitro ruminal and post-ruminal protein. Am. J. Anim. Vet. Sci. 5, 266-273.
Lee J.T., Bailey C.A. and Cartwrightl A.L. (2003). Guar meal germ and hull fractions differently affect growth performance and intestinal viscosity of broiler chickens. J. Poultry Sci. 82, 1589-1595.
Mahdavi M., Torbatinejad N.M., Moslemipur F. and Samiei R. (2010). Evaluation of guar meal replacement potential instead of some conventional meals for feedlot lambs. Pp. 11-15 in Proc. 28nd ASAP Biennial Conf., Armidale, Australia.
Makkar H.P.S., Blümmel M. and Becker K. (1995). Formation of complexes between polyvinyl pyrrolidones or polyethylene glycols and tannins, and their implication in gas production and true digestibility in in vitro techniques. Br. J. Nutr. 73, 897-913.
Mandal A., Aggarwal S., Khirwar S. and Sagar V. (1999). Utilization of clusterbean-meal in rations of growing buffalo calves. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 59, 851-859.
Marghazani B., Jabbar M.A., Pasha T.N. and Abdullah M. (2013). Ruminal degradability characteristics in vegetable protein sources of Pakistan. J. Anim. Plant Sci. 23, 1578-1582.
Menke K.H. and Steingass H. (1988). Estimation of the energetic feed value obtained from chemical analysis and in vitro gas production using rumen fluid. Anim. Res. Dev. 28, 7-55.
Mondal G., Walli T.K., Patra A.K. (2008). In vitro and in sacco ruminal protein degradability of common Indian feed ingredients. Livest. Res. Rural Dev. 20(4), 63.
Nagpal M.L., Agrawal O.P. and Bhatia I.S. (1971). Chemical and biological examination of guar meal (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.). Indian J. Anim. Sci. 41, 283-293.
Nolan J.V. and Dobos R.C. (2005). Nitrogen transactions in ruminants. Pp. 177-206 in Quantitative Aspects of Ruminant Digestion and Metabolism. J. Dijkstra, J.M. Forbes and J. France, Eds. CABI Publishing, Walingford, UK.
NRC. (1985). Nutrient requirements of sheep. 6th Ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Olaisen V., Mejdell T., Volden H. and Nesse N. (2003). Simpliﬁed in situ method for estimating ruminal dry matter and protein degradability of concentrates. J. Anim. Sci. 81, 520-528.
Ottenstein D.M. and Bartley D.A. (1971). Separation of free acids C2-C5 in diluted aqueous solution column technology. J. Chromatogr. Sci. 9, 673-681.
Salehpour M. and Qazvinian K. (2011). Effects of feeding different levels of Guar meal on performance and blood metabolites in Holstein lactating cows. Lucrări Ştiinţifice. 55, 196-200.
SAS. (2002). Statistical Analytical System Users Guide. Release 9. SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC.
Sharma P. and Gummagolmath K.C. (2012). Reforming Guar industry in India: issues and strategies. Agr. Econ. Res. Rev. 25, 37-48.
Shingfield K.J., Vanhatalo A. and Huhtanen P. (2003). Comparison of heat-treated rapeseed expeller and solvent-extracted soybean meal protein supplements for dairy cows given grass silage-based diets. Anim. Sci. 77, 305-317.
Turki I.Y., Elkadier O.A., El-Amin M., El. Zuber D. and Hassabo A.A. (2011). Effect of Guar meals and oilseed cakes on carcass characteristics and meat quality attributes of beef cattle. Bio. Res. Commun. 1, 66-75.
Van Nevel C.J., Decuypere J.A., Dierick N.A. and Molly K. (2005). Incorporation of galactomannans in the diet of newly weaned piglets: effect on bacteriological and some morphological characteristics of the small intestine. Arch. Anim. Nutr. 59, 123-138.
Van Soest P.J., Robertson J.B. and Lewis B.A. (1991). Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74, 3583-3597.
Vatandoust A., Naserian A.A., Boldaje F. and Zerhdaran S. (2010). Effects of feeding different levels of guar meal on performance of Holstein dairy cows. J. Anim. Sci. 88, 716.
Verma S.V.S. and McNab J.M. (1982). Guar meal in diets for broiler chicks. Br. Poult. Sci. 23, 95-105.
Verma S.V.S. and McNab J.M. (1984). Chemical, biochemical and microbiological examination of guar meal. Indian J. Poult. Sci. 19, 165-170.
Wolin M.J. (1960). A theoretical rumen fermentation balance. J. Dairy Sci. 43, 1452-1458.