The Metabolic Effects of Conjugated Linoleic Acids (CLA) in Chickens: A Review

Document Type : Review Article

Authors

1 Department of Animal Biotechnology, Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute (ABRI), Rasht, Iran

2 Department of Animal Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran

Abstract

Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are natural constituents of meat and dairy products from ruminants, originating from bacterial biohydrogenation in the rumen. CLA supplementation increases the health benefits of animal-derived foods. There are inconsistent reports of the effects of dietary CLA on chicken’s performance; however, the majority of previous reports cite anti-lipogenic effects of CLA. Diets could be formulated to increase n-3 fatty acid (FA) concentration in chicken meat by feeding n-3 FAs as a replacement for n-6 FA rich ingredients. Off-flavors and the chances of oxidative deterioration during storage of meat have been attributed to highn-3 FA levels in poultry diets. An approach to increase the n-3 FA content and decrease the n-6/n-3 FAs ratio in meat, using conjugated linoleic acid in diets, has been suggested. This review deals with the main topics of CLA metabolic effects in chickens.

Keywords


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