1Departamento de Productión Animal Sciencia de los Alimentos, Universidad de Zaragoza, Miguel Servet 177, 50013, Zaragoza, Spain
2Facultad de Administración de Empresas Agropecuarias, Universidad Santo Tomás, Bucaramanga, Carrera 18 N˚ 9-27, Bucaramanga, Colombia
3Groupe Gascon, Villeneuve du Pareage, 09100, France
Receive Date: 26 November 2011,
Revise Date: 31 December 2011,
Accept Date: 30 January 2012
This study describes the management and products of the Gasconne cattle in two neighbouring countries (Spainand France), as a model study in trans-border breeds, analysing if they are significantly different depending on the place where they are located. Fifty-seven Gasconne breeders were interviewed (32 inSpainand 25 inFrance). The survey examined several aspects of the productive farming system and trading procedures. Descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis were used to understand the relationships between variables and establish the difference between countries. The herd size was similar in both countries but not the animal age distribution. Moreover, statistical differences were found in the replacement rate and age at weaning, both higher in France. Different reproductive management was also found between countries. Thus, seasonal reproductive control and the use of artificial insemination were only common in France. The herd production system was, in general terms, more intensive in Francethan in Spain. There was significant percentage of breeders, in both countries, which carried out their own fattening. The main products supplied and their trading channels were also different. Thus, yearlings and calves were the most common products in Spainwhereas in Francethe focus was on cows, young calves for fattening and oxen. With respect to the trading channel, the sale of live animals directly to other breeders or slaughterhouses, was the most common option used in Spaincompared to the sales to cooperatives, intermediaries and butchers reported in France. It has been demonstrated that there are significant differences among productive systems of the same breed even between neighbouring regions.
BOE. (2009). Royal Decree 2129 / 2008 of 26 December, establishing the National Programme for conservation, improvement and promotion of livestock breeds. SpanishOfficialStateGazette Nº 23, 27 / 01 / 2009. Buxadé C. (1997). Beef Cattle: Important Aspects. Ed Mundi Prensa, Barcelona, Spain. DAD-IS. (2011). Domestic Animal Diversity Information System-Transboundary breeds. Available from: http://www.dad.fao.org. Accessed Sep 8, 2011. Dervillé M., Patin S. and Avon L. (2009). French Cattle Breeds: Origin, Standart and Selection. France UPRA Sélection, Guides France Agricole. Paris, France. D´Hour P., Revilla R. and Wright I.A. (1998). Possible adaptations of beef cattle management to extensive situations. INRA.Prod. Anim.11(5), 379-386. Dufour S., Barkema H.W., Des Côteaux L., Devries T., Dohoo I.R., Reyher K., Roy J.P. and Scholl D.T. (2010). Development and validation of a bilingual questionnaire for measuring udder health related management practices on dairy farms. Prev. Vet. Med.95, 74-85. Eurostat. (2009). European data base of census. Available from: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/eurostat/home. Accessed Mars 1, 2011. Franceagrimer (2009). Available from:ljlfjglsdjlsjdsldjlsdjfsljdlsdj http://www.franceagrimer.fr/informations/publications/Felevage/09-09-15. bovins-96B.pdf. Accessed Jan 25, 2011. Gandini G., Avon D., Bothe-Wilhelmus D., Bay E., Colinet F.G., Choroszy Z., Díaz C., Duclos D., Fernández J., Gengler N., Hoving-Bolink R., Kearney F., Lilja T., Mäki-Tanila A., Martín-Collado D., Maurice-van Eijndhoven M., Musella M., Pizzi F., Soini K., Toro M., Turri F., Viinalas H. and Hiemstra S.J. (2010). Motives and values in farming local cattle breeds in Europe: a survey on 15 breeds. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Anim. Gen. Res.47, 45-58.
GordonI.(1998). Controlled Reproduction in Cattle and Buffaloes. Ca International.Cambridge.UK. Lacour L. and Peslerber M. (2008). The market of dairy products, meat and poultry in 2008. France-Union Européenne- Monde. EditionnDécembren2008.nAvailablenfrom: http://www.officeelevage.fr/publications/marche2008. a.n Accessed Jan 25, 2011. Legifrance. (2007). Judgement of 27 November 2007related to registration and parents certification on cattle. Available from: http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr. Accessed Jan 27, 2011. Liénard G., Lherm M., Pizaine M.C., Le Maréchal J.Y., Boussan-ge B. and Belard J.F. (2002a). Adaptation of beef cattle farms. References over 10 years (1989-1999) of a group of Limousine breeders. INRA.Prod. Anim.15(4), 273-291. Liénard G., Lherm M., Pizaine M.C., Le Maréchal J.Y., Boussan-ge B., Barlet D., Esteve P. and Bouchy R. (2002b). Productivity of three French cattle breeds, Limousine, Charolaise and Salers. Report on 10 years of observations farms. INRA.Prod. Anim.15(4), 293-312. Martín-Collado D., Carabaño M.J., Toro M.A. and Díaz C. (2010). First results of the collaboration project INIA-FEAGAS “Strategies, measures and tools for conservation and improvement of indigenous breeds of beef cattle”. Pp. 106-116 inProc. 2nd Congreso Nacional de Zootecnia, Lugo, Spain. Milán M.J., Bartolome J., Quintanilla R., García-Cachán M.D., Espejo M., Herráiz P.L., Sanchez-Recio J.M. and Piedrafita J. (2006). Structural characterisation and typology of beef cattle farms of Spanish wooded rangelands (Dehesas). Livest. Sci.99, 197-209. NaudinatM.E.(1930). The Breeding of Cattle Breed Gasconne. Agriculture in Ariege. Annals of the Regional Agricultural Office of South West. Fascicules nº 17. Bordeaux Imprimerie Nouvelle F. Pech. Petit M., Agabriel J., D´Hour P. and Garel J.P. (1994). Some characteristics of cattle beef rustic breeds. INRA.Prod. Anim.7(4), 235-243. Piedrafita J., Quintanilla R., Sañudo C., Olleta J.L., Campo M.M., Panea B., Renard G., Turin F., Jabet S., Osoro K., Oliván M.C., Noval G., García P., García M.D., Oliver M.A., Gispert M., Serra X., Espejo M., García S., López M. and Izquierdo M. (2003). Carcass quality of 10 beef cattle breeds of the southwest of Europein their typical production systems. Livest. Prod. Syst.82, 1-13. Scherf B.D. (2010). Word Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity. 3th Ed. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, October 2000. Available from: http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/x8750e/x8750e00. htm. Accessed Jan 10, 2011. Sepúlveda W.S., Maza M.T., Pardos L., Fantova E. and Mantecón A.R. (2010). Farmers’ attitudes towards lamb meat production under a protected geographical indication. Small Rum. Res.94, 969-977. Serrano E., Cerdeño A.I., Lavín P., Giráldez F.J., Ruíz-Mantecón A. (2005). Characteristics of cattle farms in Montaña de Riaño (León) region. ITEA. 101, 3-24. Trespalacios J.A., Vázquez R. and BelloL. (2005). Marketing Research, Methods of Collection and Analyze Information for Decision in Marketing. Thomson. Madrid, Spain. Uriel E. and Aldás J. (2005). Multivariate Analysis Applications to Marketing, Market Research. Economic, Management and Tourism. Editorial Thomson, Madrid, Spain.