Effect of Sex and Genotype on Blood Serum Electrolytes and Biochemical Parameters of Nigerian Indigenous Chickens

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Animal Science, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, Nigeria

2 Department of Animal Science, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria


The effect of genotype and sex of Nigerian indigenous chickens (dwarf, Fulani ecotypes, neck, frizzle and normal feathered) on blood serum electrolytes and biochemical parameters were investigated using 40 chickens. The collected data were subjected to analysis via a 2 way ANOVA. The results revealed serum levels of sodium, potassium, chloride, uric acid, glucose, total protein, creatinin, albumin and globulin were 145.23±27.18 mmoi/L, 8.05±2.39 mmoi/L, 106.33±11.27 mmoi/L, 3.57±1.47 mg/µL, 44.87±17.57 mg/dL, 72.20±8.42 g/L, 74.50±12.98 µmoi/L, 38.30±4.84 g/L and 33.30±5.95 g/L respectively. Creatinin in the female birds was significantly higher than in males (P<0.05). The serum chloride, potassium, globulin, glucose and uric acid were also significantly different across the genotype. Serum chloride and glucose were higher in dwarf chickens, whilst potassium was higher in neck chickens and higher globulin levels were observed in frizzle chickens compared to the other four genotypes. The study revealed a significant effect of sex on creatinin and genotype onvarious physiological characters of Nigerian indigenous chicken.


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