1Faculty of Animal Science, Gorgan University of Agricultural Science and Natural Resource, Gorgan, Iran
2Department of Animal Science, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
3Department of Animal Science, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr, Iran
4Faculty of Food Scienceand Technology, Gorgan University of Agricultural Science and Natural Resource, Gorgan, Iran
5Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Gorgan University of Medical Science, Gorgan, Iran
Receive Date: 07 January 2012,
Revise Date: 23 March 2012,
Accept Date: 03 April 2012
The aim of this experiment was to study the effect of in ovoinjection of royal jelly (RJ) on growth performance and immune response in broiler chickens challenged with Newcastle disease virus. A total of 200 hatching eggs were divided into four groups of 50 eggs each one using a completely randomized design. The eggs were injected with sterilized sodium bicarbonate buffer (pH=10.4) or RJ (88%) in a 0.3 mL volume into the albumen at d 7 of incubation. A non-injected control and a dry punch control (shell pricked without injecting solution; needle) were included. Chicks hatched from the respective treatment group were reared in floor pens until d 28. The chickens were challenged against Newcastle disease virus on days 7 and 21. On d 21, the chickens emanatedfrom the RJ injected egg had the highest body weight. In ovo injection of RJ had a significant effect on feed intake in broiler chickens during starter period (d 1 to 21) and throughout the trial (d 1 to 28; P<0.05). On d 14, serum antibody titer against Newcastle disease virus (NDV) was not significantly different among treatments. On d 14 and 28, heterophil and lymphocyte number and their ratio were affected by in ovo injection. In conclusion, the results of the present study suggested that in ovo injection of RJ on d 7 of incubation exerted a beneficial effect on growth in starter phase and could stimulate feed intakein broiler chickenschallenged with Newcastle disease virus, although the antibody titer against NDV was notinfluenced.
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