Genetic and Phenotypic Parameters for Milk Production Traits in the First and Second Lactation in Romanian Simmental Dairy Cows

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Animal Science and Biotechnologies, Banat’s University of Agricultural Science and Veterinary Medicine, Timişoara, Romania

2 Department of Animal Production, School of Agricultural Technology, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece

3 Department of Veterinary Medicine, Banat’s University of Agricultural Science and Veterinary Medicine, Timişoara, Romania

4 Faculty of Agriculture, Banat’s University of Agricultural Science and Veterinary Medicine, Timişoara, Romania

5 Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture, P.M.B. 2240, Abeokuta, Nigeria

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to estimate genetic and phenotypic parameters of milk production traits in the first and second lactations of Romanian Simmental dairy cattle. For the estimation of variance, heritability, genetic and phenotypic correlations among milk yield, fat yield, protein yield, and percentages of fat and protein, 3400 first and second lactation records over a period of five years (2005-2010) were evaluated. Genetic correlations of the yields of milk, fat, protein, and percentages of fat and protein in the first lactation were situated among the lowest value of -0.28 between milk yield and protein percentage and the highest value of 0.31 between milk and milk protein yield. Phenotypic correlations were situated from the lowest value of -0.02 registered among yields of milk, fat and protein and protein percentage, and the highest value of 0.98 for milk yield and fat percentage. Accordingly, if the selection goal is defined as maximizing the useful yield while maintaining fat and protein content, the selection criterion must include fat yield, protein yield, and protein content.

Keywords


AlbuquerqueL.G., Keown J.F. and Van Vleck L.D. (1996). Genetic parameters of milk, fat and protein yields in the first three lactations, using an animal model and restricted maximum likelihood. Brazilian. J. Genet. 19, 79-86.
AOAC. (1990). The Association of Analytical Communities. Official Methods of Analysis of the AOAC. Helrich, K. 15th Ed. Arlington, VA, USA.
Arione A.B., Nogara P.R., Barbosa G.B., Weber T., Kippert C.J. and Andreazza J. (2005). Heritability and genetics trend for milk and fat yields in Holstein herds raised in the State of Rio Grande do Sul. Brazilian. J. Anim.  Sci. 34, 1512-1518.
Boldman K.G. and Van Vleck L.D. (1991). Derivative-free restricted maximum likelihood estimation in animal models with a Sparse matrix solver.J. Dairy Sci. 74,4337- 4343.
Boichard D. and Bonaïti B. (1987). Genetic parameters for first lactation dairy traits in Friesian, Montbéliarde and Normande breeds.Genetic Selection Evolution, 19, 337-350.
Calus M.P.L., Carrick, M.J., Veerkamp R.F. and Goddard M.E. (2005). Estimation of genetic parameters for milk fat depression in dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci.88,1166-1177.
Campos M.S., Wilcox C.J., Becerril C.M., Diz A. 1994. Genetic parameters for yield and reproductive traits of Holstein and Jersey cattle in Florida. J. Dairy Sci. 77, 867-873.
Cassandro M. (2003). Status of milk production and market in Italy. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus. 68(2), 65-69.
Chauhan V.P. and Hayes J.F. (1991). Genetic parameters for first milk production and composition traits for Holsteins using Multivariate Restricted Maximum Likelihood. J. Dairy Sci. 74, 603-610.
Dedkova L. and Wolf J. (2001). Estimation of genetic parameters for milk production traits in Czech dairy cattle populations, Czech.J. Anim. Sci. 46, 292-301.
Freking B.A. and Marshall D.M. (1992). Interrelationships of heifer milk production and other biological traits with production efficiency to weaning. J. Anim. Sci.70, 646-655.
Gerber A., Krogmeier D., Emmerling R. and Gotz K.U. (2008). Analysis of genotype by environment interaction for milk yield traits in first lactation of Simmental cattle, Blackwell Verlag.J. Anim. Breed. Genet. 125, 382-389.
Gorjanc G., Malovrh S., Logar B. and Kovac M. (2001). Fixed effects for 305-day lactation milk traits in cattle. Zbornik Biotehniške Fakultete Univerze V Ljubljani Kmetijstvo Supliment. 31, 301-307.
Hallowell G.J., Van der Westhuizen J. and Wyk van J.B. (1998). Variance component and heritability estimates for first and second lactation milk traits in the South African Ayrshire breed. South African. J. Anim. Sci. 28, 46-51.
Hanuš O., Vyletělová M., Genčurová V., Jedelská R., Kopecký J. and Nezval O. (2008). Hot stress of Holstein dairy cows as substantial factor of milk composition. Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica, 39, 310-317.
Hardie A.R., Jensen E.L. and Tyler W.J. (1978). Genetic and economic implications of single trait selection for protein and solids-non-fat.J. Dairy Sci. 61, 96-101.
Hashemi A., Bernousi I., Zadeh S.R., Ranjbari M. (2009). Estimates of genetic parameters of productive traits in Holstein-Native Crossbreeds in W. Azerbaijan Province-Iran.J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 8, 917-919.
Macciotta N.P.P., Vicario D., Pulina G. and Cappio-Borlino A. (2002). Test day and lactation yield predictions in Italian Simmental cows by ARMA methods. J. Dairy Sci. 85, 3107-3114.
Mashhadi M.J., Kashan N.E.J., Nassiry M.R. and Torshizi R.V. (2008). Predicting breeding value and genetic parameter in Iranian Holstein bulls for milk production traits.Pakistan. J. Biol. Sci. 11, 108-112.
Meyer K. (1989). Restricted maximumlikelihood to estimate variance components for animal models with several random effects using a derivative-free algorithm. Genetics Selection Evolution. 21, 317-340.
Nixon M., Bohmanova J., Jamrozik J., Schaeffer L.R., Hand K. and Miglior F. (2009). Genetic parameters of milking frequency and milk production traits in Canadian Holsteins milked by an automated milking system. J. Dairy Sci. 92, 3422-3430.
Pantelic V., Petrovic M.M., Aleksic S., Ostojic D., Stretenovic S. and Novakovic Z. (2008). Genetic correlations of productive and reproductive traits of Simmental cows in Republic of Serbia. Archiva Zootechnica. 11, 73-78.
Perišić P., Skalicki Z., Petrović M.M., Bogdanović V. and Ružić-Muslić D. (2009). Simmental cattle breed in different production systems.Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry. 25, 315-326.
Pešek M., Špička J. and Samková E. (2005). Comparison of fatty acid composition in milk fat of Czech Pied cattle and Holstein cattle. Czech. J. Anim. Sci.50, 122-128.
Rekik B., Bouraoui R., Ben Gara A., Hammami H., Hmissi M. and Rouissi H. (2009).Milk production of imported heifers and Tunisian-Born Holstein cows. American-Eurasian. J. Agr. 2, 36-42.
Rothschild M.F. and Henderson C.R. (1979). Maximum likelihood estimates of parameters of first and second lactation milk. J. Dairy Sci. 62, 990-995.
Strabel T. and Misztal I. (1999). Genetic parameters for first and second lactation milk yields of Polish Black and White cattle with random regression test-day models. J. Dairy Sci. 82, 2805-2810.
Toit J., Wyk J.B. and Westhuizen J. (1998). Genetic parameter estimates in the South African Jersey breed. South African J. Anim. Sci. 28, 146-152.
Trivunovic S., Plavsic M. and Glamocic D. (2008). Genetic parameters of milking traits and SCC in milk. Animal Breeding and Biotechnologies-Timişoara. 41, 500-506.
Vliegher De S., Barkema H.W., Stryhn H., Opsomer G. and de Kruif A. (2005). Impact of early lactation somatic cell count in heifers on milk yield over the first lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 88, 938-947.
Wilcox, C.J., Gaunt S.N. and Farthing B.R. (1971). Genetic interrelationships of milk composition and yield. Interregional Publication of North East and South East State Agriculture Experimental Station, Southern Cooperative Series. Bulletin, no. 155.