Department of Animal Science, Maragheh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Maragheh, Iran
Receive Date: 29 February 2012,
Revise Date: 18 April 2012,
Accept Date: 01 May 2012
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of different levels of costmary(Tanacetum balsamita)medicinal plant on performance, egg traits, and blood biochemical parameters of laying hens. Hundred-eighty of Hi-line laying hens (W 36) from 46 until 58 weeks of age were used in a completely randomized design in five treatments and three replicates (12 birds per replicate). The treatment groups consisted of a control group (1) with no costmarysupplementation, and 2, 3, 4 and 5 experimental groups with 0.5%, %1, 1.5% and 2% of costmary,respectively. Using different levels of costmarysignificantly affected the performance, egg traits and blood biochemical parameters of laying hens (P<0.05). The highest and lowest change amounts of daily feed intake (113.47 g) and (99.10 g) were obtained in groups 3 and 1, respectively. The best yolk color index (5.5) was observed in group 3 by using 1% of costmaryand the highest Haugh unit (98.75), yolk weight (19.35 g) and albumin weight (36.91 g) were observed in group 5 by using 2% of costmary,whereas the highest percent of egg yolk index (44.66%) was observed in control group. The lowest amounts of blood triglyceride (82.05 mg/dL) and cholesterol (617.2 mg/dL) were observed in groups 5 by using 2% of costmary. The overall results showed that the use of 1.5% and 2% of costmary medicinal plant in the diets of laying hens had positive effects on their performance, egg traits, and bloodbiochemical parameters.
Abad M.J., Bermejo P. and Villar A. (2006). An approach to the genus Tanacetum (Compositae): Phytochemical and pharmacological review. Phyto. Res. 9(2), 79-92. AOAC. (1990). Official Methods of Analysis. Vol. I. 15th Ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA. Bylaite E., Venscutonis R., Roozen J.P. and Posthumus M.A. (2000). Composition of essential oil of costmary (Balsamita major) at different growth phases. J. Agric. Food Chem. 48(6), 2409-2414. Byington R.P., Jukena J.W., salonen J.T., Pitt B., Bruschke A.V., Hoen H., Furberg C.D. and Mancini G.B. (1995). Reduction in cardiovascular events during pravastatin therapy. Pooled analysis of clinical events of pravastatin atherosclerosis intervention program. Circulation. 92(2), 2419-2425. Card L.E. and Nesheim M.C. (1972). Poultry Production. 1th Ed. Lea and Febiger. Philadelphia. USA. Cowan M.M. (1999). Plant products as antimicrobial agents. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 12, 564-582. Delsing D.J., Offerman E.H., Van Duyvenvoode W., Van Der Boom H., De Wit E.C., Gijbels M.J., Van Der Laarse A., Juklema J.W., Havekes L.M. and Princen H.M. (2001). Acyl CoA: cholesterol acyltransferase inhibitor avasimibe reduces atherosclerosis in addition to its cholesterol lowering effect in Apo E* 3-leiden mice. Circulation. 16(1), 1-16. Hassanpouraghdam M.B., Tabatabaie S.J., Nazemiyeh H. and Aflatuni A. (2008a). Effects of different concentrations of nutrient solution on vegetative growth and essential oil of costmary (Tanacetum balsamita). Agric. Sci. 18(1), 27-38. Hassanpouraghdam M.B., Tabatabaie S.J., Nazemiyeh H. and Aflatuni A. (2008b). N and K nutrition levels affect growth and essential oil content of costmary (Tanacetum balsamita). J. Food Agric. Environ. 6(2), 150-154. Hassanpouraghdam M.B., Tabatabaie S.J., Nazemyieh H., Aflatuni A. and Esnaashari S. (2008). Chemical composition of the volatile oil from aerial parts of Tanacetum balsamita growing wild in northwestof Iran. Croatica Chem. Acta. 12(3), 26-35. Jaderi N., Nobakht A. and Mehmannavaz Y. (2011). Investigation the effects of using ofSaturejahortensis,Ziziphora tenuir,Urtica dioica and their different mixtures on yield, egg quality, blood and immunity parameters of laying hens. Iranian J. Med. Arom. Plants. 27,11-24. Keskito M., Arja P., Savela M.L., Valkonen J.P.T., Simon J. and Pehu E. (1998). Alteration in growth of tissue-cultured tansy (Tanacetum Vulgare L.) treated with antibiotics. Ann. Appl. Biol. 133, 281-296. Kubo A. and Kubo I. (1995). Antimicrobial agents from Tanacetum balsamita. J.Natural. Prod. 58(1), 1565-1569. Marculescu A., Hanganu D. and Kinga O.N. (2001a). Qualitative and quantitative determination of the caffeic acid and chlorogenic acid from three chemovarieties of Chrysanthemum balsamita. Roum. Biotechnol. Lett. 6(6),477-484. Marculescu A., Barbu C.H., Bobit D. and Hanganu D. (2001b). Possibilities of influencing the biosynthesis and accumulation of the active principles in Chrysanthemum balsamita species. Roum. Biotechnol. Lett. 7(1), 577- 584. Meguro S., Higashi K., Hase T., Honda Y., Osuka A., Tokimitsu I. and Itakura H. (2001). Solubilization of phytosterols in diacylglycerol versus triacylglycerol improves the serum cholesterol-lowering effect. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 55(7), 513-517. Mohajjel Shoja A., Hassanpouraghdam M.B.,Khosrowshahli M. and Movafeghi A. (2008b). Study of the capability of essential oil production in the in vitro culture of costmary (Tanacetum balsamita). Pp: 241-251 in 15th nation. 3rd intern. Conf. biol. Univ. Tehran, Tehran, Iran. NRC. (1994). Nutrient Requirements of Poultry, 9th Rev. Ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC. Nobakht A. and Mehmannavaz Y. (2010). Investigation the effects of using different levels of Thymyusvalgaris,Lamiaceae menthapiperita andOreganum valgareand their different mixtures on yield, egg quality, blood and immunity parameters of laying hens. Iranian J. Anim. Sci. 41, 129-136. Platel K. and Srinivasan K. (2004). Digestive stimulant action of spices: A myth or reality. Indian J. Med. Res. 119, 167- 179. SAS Institute (2005). SAS®/STAT Software,Relesse 9.12. SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC. Srinivasan K. (2005). Spices as influencers of body metabolism: an overview of three decades of research. Food. Res. Int. 38, 77-86. Ullah Khan F., Durrani F.R., Sultan A., Ullah Khan R. and Naz S.H. (2009). Effect of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) seed extract on visceral organs of broiler chicks. ARPN. J. Agric. Biol. Sci. 4, 58-60. Vandergrift B. (1998). Biotechnology in the feed industry. Pp. 293-300 in Proc. 14th Ann. Sympo. Altech Tech. Publ. Nottingham Univ. Press. Windisch W., Schedle K., Plitzner C. and Kroismayer A. (2008). Use of phytogenetic products as feed additives for swine and poultry. J. Anim. Sci. 86, 140-148.