The Effect of Red Pepper (Capsicum annuum) and Marigold Flower (Tageteserectus) Powder on Egg Production, Egg Yolk Color and Some Blood Metabolites of Laying Hens

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

Department of Animal Science, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of using different levels of Red Pepper powder (RP) and Marigold flower powder (MF) on egg production, egg yolk color andsome blood metabolites in laying hens. Ninety, 103-weeks old laying hens were divided into 5 treatments groups of 6 birds in each cage with 3 replicates in a completely randomized design. The birds were fed a corn-soybean meal based diet containing different concentrations of RP (1 and 3%) and MF (1 and 3%) along with a control / untreated group. During 9 weeks of experimental period egg production, egg quality and quantity parameters were recorded. The blood samples were taken at 14, 28 and 42 days of experiment. The white blood cell counts and some blood metabolites were measured. The egg yolk colors were measured using Fan Roche methods. There were no significant differences among treatments for egg quality traits but the yolk color changed in treated group compared with controls (P>0.01). The highest yolk color was obtained in 3% RP (with 13.33 Roche Fan score). Effect of RP and MF powder on total blood leukocyte counts was not different significantly in laying hen, but there was a significant effect of RP and MF powder on eosinophil count (P<0.05). There was a significant effect of RP and MF powder on triglyceride and total cholesterol (P<0.05). The RPand MF did not significantly affected the LDL, HDL, glucose, uric acid, Ca, P, ALT and AST enzymesin treated laying hens (P>0.05).

Keywords


Angeles M. and Scheideler S. (1998). Effect of diet, level and source of xanthophyll on hen performance and egg yolk pigmentation. Poult. Sci. 77(1), 1-18.
Bocanegra E.S., Osorio X.O. and Rondon E.O.O. (2004). Evaluation of Tagets erectus (marigold flower) and Capsicum sp. (red pepper paprika) as a pigment of egg yolks compared with synthetic pigments. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 3, 685-689.
Bornstein S. and Bartov I. (1966). Studies on egg yolk pigmentation. 1. A comparison between visual scoring of yolk color and colorimetric assay of yolk carotenoids. Poult. Sci. 45, 287-296.
Delgado-Vargas F., Paredes-Lepez O. and Avila-González E. (1998). Effects of sunlight illumination of marigold flower meals on egg yolk pigmentation. J. Agric. Food Chem. 46, 698-706.
Garcia E.A., Mendes A.A., Pizzolante C.C., Goncalves H.C., Oliveira R.P. and Silva M.A. (2002). Effect of canthaxantin levels on performance and egg quality of laying hens. Brazilian J. Poult. Sci. 4, 1-4.
Gonzalez M.E., Castano E. and Avila E. (1999). Effect of capsaicin from red paper (Capsicum sp) on deposition of carotenoids in egg yolk. J. Sci. Food Agric. 79, 1904-1908.
Gurbuz Y., Yasar S. and Karaman M. (2003). Effects of addition of the red pepper from 4th harvest to corn or wheat based diets on egg yolk color and egg production in laying hens. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 2, 107-111.
Hamilton P., Tirado F. and Garc─▒´a-Herna´ndez F. (1990). Deposition in egg yolks of the carotenoids from saponified and unsaponified oleoresin of red pepper (Capsicum annuum) fed to laying hens. Poult. Sci. 69, 462-470.
Hy-Line International. (2007). Hy-Line W-36 variety commercial management guide, Publication of Hy-Line international, 1755 West Lakes Parkway, West Des Moines, Iowa 50266 USA.
Karadas F., Grammenidis E., Surai P.F., Acamovic T. and Sparks N.H. (2006). Effects of carotenoids from lucerne, marigold and tomato on egg yolk pigmentation and carotenoids composition. BrazilianPoult. Sci. 47(5), 561-566.
Kawado T., Hagihara K. and Iwai K. (1986). Effect of capsaicin on lipid metabolism in rats fed high fat diet. J. Nutr. 116(7), 1272-1278.
Malekizadeh M., Moeini M.M. and GhaziS.H. (2012).The effects of different levels of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc) and turmeric (Curcuma longa linn) rhizomes powder on some blood metabolites andproduction performance characteristics of laying hens.J. Agric. Sci. Tech. 14, 127-134.
Quackenbush F.W. and Miller S.L. (1972). Composition and analysis of the carotenoids in marigold petals. J. Assoc. Off. Agric. Chem. 55, 617-621.
Sadeghi S. (2008). The effect of red pepper and marigold flower powder on egg production, egg yolk color and some blood metabolites in laying hens. MS Thesis.Razi Univ. Kermanshah, Iran.
Zhuye N., Fu J., Gao Y. and Liu F.(2008). Infuence of paprika extract supplement on egg quality of laying hens fed wheat-based diet. Int.J.Poult. Sci. 7(9), 887-889.