Impact of Raw Tallow Detarium microcarpum (Guill and Sperr) Seed Meal on Performance and Blood Parameters in Broilers


Department of Animal Production Technology, Federal College of Wildlife Management, PMB, 268, New Bussa, Niger State, Nigeria


The nutritive and anti-nutritive components of raw Detarium microcarpum seed meals (DSM), and its’ impact on performance and blood constituents were investigated in broilers. Day-old broilers (n=225) were randomly assigned to five treatments at graded levels of 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20% DSM in a completely randomized design. Feed and water were given ad libitum till56 days. The analyzed DSM contained26.5% crude protein, 11.1% crude fibre, 15.2% ether extracts, 3.5% ash and 33.1% NFE. Anti nutritional components of DSM contained 13.1% tannin, 9.6% saponins, 16.4% oxalate, 25.5% phytic acid and 5.1% hydrogen cyanides. Weight gain and FCR were linearly decreased with increased inclusion of DSM. Haematological and serum biochemical indices of birds fed 10, 15 and 20% diets were decreased (P<0.05) compared with those fed 5% and control diets. Inclusion of 5% DSM in broiler chicks’ diet had no adverse effect on blood constituents. DSM needs processing to improve inclusion levels beyond 5% in broilers’ diets.


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