The Effects of Feeding Watermelon Seed Meal and Full Fat Seed on Broiler Chicks Growth


1 Mico for Poultry Production, Khartoum, Sudan

2 Department of Poultry Production, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan

3 Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, University of Kordofan, Kordofan, Sudan


Watermelon seed full-fat (WMSF) and watermelon seed meal (WMSM) samples were analyzed for proximate composition and then incorporated in broiler chicks diets at increasing levels up to 20%. Feeding increasing levels of WMSF to broiler chicks for up to 20% increased weight gain (P<0.05), feed intake, protein consumed, protein efficiency ratio and improved feed conversion ratio. A positive linear effect was observed for weight gain, protein consumed and protein efficiency ratio in birds fed WMSF. Feed intake was linearly increased with increasing the level of WMSM. However, no similar response was noted for weight gain, protein consumed, protein efficiency ratio and feed gain ratio in chicks given increasing levels of WMSM. The study indicated that WMSF and WMSM may be used as feed ingredients in broiler chick diets at up to 20%.


Ahmed I. (1998). Watermelon seed meal in broiler ration. MS. Thesis. Univ. Khartoum, Sudan.
Al-Khalifa A.S. (1996). Physicochemical characteristics, fatty acid composition,and lipoxygenase activity of crude pumpkin and melon seed oils. J. Agric. Food Chem. 44, 964-966.
AOAC. (1990). Official Methods of Analysis. Vol. I. 15th Ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA.
Hayat A.R. (1994). Functional properties of water melon seed protein isolate. MS. Thesis. Univ. Khartoum, Sudan.
Madaan T.P. and Lal B.M. (1984). Some studies on the chemical composition of cucurbit kernels and their seed coats. Indian Agric. 32(2), 81-86.
Mustafa A.I., Badi S.M., Salama R.B., Elsayed A.S. and Hussein A.A. (1972). Studies on water melon seed oil. Sud. J. Food Sci. Technol. 4, 18-20.
NRC. (1994). Nutrient Requirements of Poultry, 9th Rev. Ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
Nwokolo E. and Sim J.S. (1987). Nutritional assessment of defatted oil meals of watermelon (Colocynthesis citrullus) a fluted pumpkin (Telfaria occidentalis hork) by chick assay. J. Sci. Food Agric. 38, 237-246.
Ogunsua A.O., Ige M.M. and Oke O.L. (1984). Functional properties of the proteins of some Nigerian oil seeds: conophor seeds and three varieties of melon seeds. J. Agric. Food Chem. 32, 822-825.
Oyenuga V.A. and Fetuga B.L. (1975). Some aspects of the biochemistry and nutritive value of the water melon seed (Citrulus vulgaris schrad). J. Sci. Food Agric. 26, 843-854.
Rajab H.I. (2002). Nutritional value of full fat watermelon seed for broiler chicken. MS. Thesis. University of Khartoum, Sudan.
Sawaya W.N., Daghir N.J. and Khan P. (1983). Chemical characterization and edibility of the oil extracted from Citrullus colocynthis seeds. J. Food Sci. 48, 104-106.
Sawaya W.N., Daghir N.J. and Khalil J.K. (1986). Citrullus colocynthis seeds as a potential source of protein for food and feed. J. Agric. Food Chem. 34, 285-288.
Singh Y.D., Sastry M.S. and Dutt B. (1973). Studies on the toxicity of Bijada-cake. Indian Vet. J. 50, 685-688.
Steel R.G.O. and Torrie J.H. (1960). Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. MC Grow Hill Book Co., New York.
Yousuf A. (1992). The nutrient composition of Sudanese animal feed bulletin (1). Central Animal Nutrition Research Laboratory (Kuku). Khartoum, Sudan.
  • Receive Date: 22 February 2012
  • Revise Date: 14 April 2012
  • Accept Date: 01 May 2012
  • First Publish Date: 01 June 2013