Effects of Two Kinds of Bentonite on Performance, Blood Biochemical Parameters, CarcassCharacteristics and Tibia Ash of Broiler Chickens

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 Department of Animal Science, Kashmar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kashmar, Iran

2 Department of Animal Science, Higher Education Center of Jihad and Agriculture, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

This experiment was conducted to study the effects of two kinds of sodium and calcium bentonite (NaB and CaB) on performance, blood biochemical parameters, carcass characteristics and tibia ash of broiler chickens. Two hundred and sixty day old broilers of male Ross 308 strain were allocated to 5 treatments with four replicatates and 13 broilers in each. The experiment was carried out in a completely randomized design, where the treatments were: control (corn soybean meal based diet); 1% NaB; 1.5% NaB; 1% CaB; and 1.5% CaB. The results showed no significant difference between the experimental groups in starter and grower periods, but feed intake decreased, and feed conversion ratio was improved by adding 1% bentonite to the diet in finisher and total periods (P<0.05). Addition of bentonite to diet had not significant effect on the blood biochemical parameters, carcass characteristicsand tibia ash. The results indicated that the use of each two kinds of bentonite in diets (1%) improved the broiler performance; however addition of 1.5% bentonite had no significant effect.

Keywords


AlmquistH.J., Christensen H.L. and Maurer S. (1967). The effect of bentonite on nutrient retention by turkeys. Feedstuff. 39, 54-55.
BaileyC.A., Latimer G.W., Barr A.C., Wigle W.L., Haq A.U., Balthrop J.E. and Kubena L.F.(2006). Efficacy of montmorillonite clay (Novasil PLUS) for protecting Full-Term broilers from aflatoxicosis. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 15, 198-206.
ElliotM.A. and Edwards H.M.Jr. (1991). Comparison the effects of synthetic and natural zeolite on laying and broiler chickens performance. Poult. Sci. 70, 2115-2130.
EsmeraldaL.W. and Gonzales J.L. (2001). Comparative evaluation of zeolit bentonite and kaolin through the productive performance of broiler. Poult. Abst. 9, 24-29.
GrosickiA., Kowalski B. and Bik D. (2004). Influence of bentonite on trace element kinetics in rats. II. Calcium. Bull. Vet. Inst. Pulawy. 48, 337-340.
HuffW.E., Harvey R.B., Kubena L.F. and Rottinghaus G.E. (1998). Toxic synergism between aflatoxin and T-2 toxin in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 67, 1418-1423.
KececiT., Oguz H., Kurtoglu V. and Demet O. (1998). Effects of polyvinyl polypyrolidone, synthetic zeolite and bentonite on serum biochemical and haematological characters of broiler chickens during aflatoxicosis. Br. Poult. Sci. 39, 452-458.
KermanshahiH., Hazegh A.R. and Afzali N. (2009). Effect of sodium bentonite in broiler chickens fed diets contaminated with aflatoxin B1. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 8, 1631-1636.
KubenaL.F. and Harvey R.B. (1993). Effect of hydrated sodium calcium aluminosilicate on aflatoxicosis in broiler chicks. J. Poult. Sci. 72, 651-657.
LedouxD.R., Rottinghaus G.E., Bermudez A.J. and Debolt M.A. (1999). Efficacy of a hydrated sodium calcium aluminosilicate to ameliorate the toxic effects of aflatoxin in broiler chicks. Poult. Sci. 78, 204-210.
MiazzoR., Peraltla M.F., Magnole C., Salvano M., Ferrero S. and Chiacchiera S.M. (2005). Efficiency of sodium bentonite as a detoxifier of broiler feed contaminated with aflatoxin and fumonisin. J. Poult. Sci. 84, 1-8.
MirabdolbagiJ., Lotfollahian H., Hoseini S. and Irajian G. (2007a). Effects of bentonite in broiler nutrition. Pp. 950-953 in Proc. 2nd Cong. Anim. Sci. Seafood. Karaj, Iran.
MirabdolbagiJ., Lotfollahian H., Shariatmadari F. and Shourmasti D.K. (2007b). Effects of inactivated and activated clinoptilolite on broiler performance. Pp. 942-946 in Proc. 2nd Cong. Anim. Sci. Seafood. Karaj, Iran.
NRC. (1994). Nutrient Requirements of Poultry, 9th Rev. Ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
OguzH. and Kurtoglu V. (2000). Effect of clinoptilolite on performance of broiler chickens during experimental aflatoxicosis. Br. Poult. Sci. 41, 512-517.
PashaT., Mahmood A., Malik F., Abdul Jabbar M. and Khan A.D. (2008). The effect of feed supplemented with different sodium bentonite treatments on broiler performance. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 32(4), 245-248.
PashaT.N., Farooq M.U., Khattak F.M., Jabbar M.A. and Khan A.D. (2007). Effectiveness of sodium bentonite and two commercial products as aflatoxin absorbents in diets for broiler chickens. Anim. Feed. Sci. Technol. 132,103-110.
PetkovaG. and Ivonov K. (1982). Effect of adding bentonite to mixed forages for broiler chickens. Zhivotnov dni Nauki. 19, 69-76.
QuisenberryJ.H. and Bradley J.W. (1964). Sodium bentonite feeding experiments: Feedstuffs. 36, 22-23.
QuisenberryJ.H. (1966). Research reports on factors that influence laying hen performance: Feedstuffs. 38, 28-31.
RosaC.A.R., Miazzo R., Magnoli C., Salovano M., Chiacchiera S.M., Ferrero S., Saenz M., Carvalho E.C.Q. and Dalcero A. (2001). Evaluation of the efficacy of bentonit from the south of Argetina to ameliorate the toxic effects of aflatoxin in broilers. Poult. Sci. 80, 139-144.
SalariS., Kermanshahi H. and Nasiri Moghaddam H. (2006). Effect of sodium bentonite and comparison of pellet vs. mash on performance of broiler chickens. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 5, 31-34.
SanturioJ.M., Mallmann C.A., Rosa A.P., Appel G., Heer A., Dageforde S. and Bottcher M. (1999). Effect of sodium bentonite on the performance and blood variables of broiler chickens intoxicated with aflatoxin. Br. Poult. Sci. 40,115-119.
SASInstitute. (1996). SAS®/STAT Software, Release 6.11. SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC.
SellersR.S., Harris G.C.Jr. and Waldroup P.W. (1980). The effect of various dietary clays and fillers on the performance of broilers and laying hens. Poult. Sci. 59,1901-1906.
ShiY., Xu Z., Sun Y., Wang C. and Feng J. (2009). Effects of different types of montmorillonite on growth performance and serum profiles of broiler chicks during aflatoxicosis. Turk. J. Anim. Sci. 33, 15-20.
SmithE.E., Kubena L.F., Braithwaite C.E., Harvey R.B., Phillips T.D. and Reine A.H. (1992). Toxicological evaluation of aflatoxin and cyclopiazonic acid in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 71, 1136-1144.
SouthernL.L., Ward T.L., Bidner T.D. and Hebert L.G. (1994). Effects of sodium bentonite or hydrated sodium calcium aluminosilicate on growth performance and tibia mineral concentrations in broiler chicks fed nutrient deficient diets. Poult. Sci. 73, 848-854.
TauqirN.A., Sultan G.I. and Nawaz H. (2001). Effect of different levels of bentonite with varying energy levels on the performance of broilers. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 3, 85-88.
Van Olphen H. (1963). An Introduction to Clay Colloid Chemistry. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
XiaM.S., Hu C.H. and Xu Z.R. (2004). Effects of copper-bearing monmorillonite on growth performance, digestive enzyme activities, and intestinal microflora and morphology of male broilers. Poult. Sci. 83,1868-1875.
YalcinS., Bilgili S.E. and Mc Daniel G.R. (1995). Sodium zeolite a: influence on broiler carcass yields and tibia characteristics. Appl. Poult. Sci. 4, 61-68.