Effects of Different Oils on Productive Performance of Broiler

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 Department of Animal Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Science University, Khulshi, Chittagong-4225, Bangladesh

2 Department of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh

Abstract

Six hundred day old unsexed broiler chicks were used in a 42-d trial at Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Poultry Farm to find out the effects of different oils on productive performance of broilers. The chicks were randomly distributed following a completely randomized design in four treatment groups having three replications per treatment. Each treatment had 150 birds, with 50 birds per replicate. Four diets were formulated using locally available ingredients as diet without oil, or diets containing 2.5% soybean oil, 2.5% palm oil and 2.5% fish oil. Results indicated that supplementation of diets with different types of oil significantly (P<0.05) improved live weight gain and feed consumption of broilers from the 3rd to the 5th wk. However, supplementation caused no significant (P>0.05) impact on feed conversion of broilers during 1-5 wk. Feed conversion improved (P<0.05) only during the 6th wk. Out of all carcass parameters, only feather weight, dressed weight, digestive tract weight and head weight differed (P<0.05) at the 4th wk. The survivability of broilers fed different types of oil was similar. It could, therefore, be inferred that the inclusion of soybean oil, palm oil and fish oil had a positive impact on weight gain, feed consumption and feed conversion in commercial broilers.

Keywords


Abas I., Ozpinar H., Kahraman R., Kutay H.C., Eseceli H. and Grashorn M.A. (2004). Effect of dietary fat sources and their levels on performance of broilers.Arch. Geflugelk. 68, 145-152.
Al Athari A.K. and Watkins B.A. (1988). Distribution of trans and cis 18:1 fatty acid isomers in chicks fed different fats. Poult. Sci. 67, 778-786.
Baiao N.C. and Lara L.J.C. (2005). Oil and fat in broiler nutrition.Brazilian J. Poult. Sci. 7, 129-141.
Bavelar F.J. and Beynen A.C. (2003). Relationships between dietary fatty acid composition and either melting point or fatty acid profile of adipose tissue in broilers.Meat Sci. 64, 133-140.
Carew J.L.B., Nasheim M.C. and Hill F.W. (1961). Anin vitro method for determine the availability of soybean oil in unextracted soybean products for the chicks. Poult. Sci. 41, 1962-1975.
Chin S.F., Storkson J.M., Albright K.J., Cook M.E. and Pariza M.W. (1994). Conjugated linoleic acid is a growth factor for rats as shown by enhanced weight gain and improved feed efficiency. J. Nutr. 124, 2344-2349.
Crespo N. and Esteve-Garcia E. (2002). Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids decrease fat deposition in separable fat depots but not in the remainder carcass. Poult. Sci. 81, 1533-1542.
Crespo N. and Esteve-Garcia E. (2001). Dietary fatty acid profile modifies abdominal fat deposition in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 80, 71-78.
Duncan D.B. (1955). Multiple range and multiple ‘F’ test. Biometrics. 11, 1-42.
Ensminger M.E. and Olentine C.G. (1990). Feed and Nutrition 1st Ed. The ensminger publishing company, California, USA.
Glaser K.R., Wenk C. and Scheeder M.R.L. (2004). Evaluation of pork back fat firmness and lard consistency using several different physicochemical methods.J. Sci. Food Agric. 84, 853-862.
Huang Z.B., Ackman R.G., Ratnayake W.M.N. and Proudfoot F.G. (1990). Effect of dietary fish oil on n-3 fatty acid levels in chicken eggs and thigh flesh.J. Agric. Food Chem. 38, 743-747.
Jones R. (1984). A standard method for the dissection of poultry for carcass analysis. The west of Scotland Agricultural College. Technical Note. Ayre, Scotland.
Lopez Ferrer S., Baucells M.D., Barroeta A.C., Galobart J. and Grashorn M.A. (2001). N-3 enrichment of chicken meat. 2. Use of precursors of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids: linseed oil. Poult. Sci. 80, 753-761.
Manilla H.A., Husveth F. and Nemeth K. (1999). Effect of dietary fat origin on the performance of broiler chickens and on the fatty acid composition of selected tissues. Acta Agraria Kaposvariensis. 3, 47-57.
Newman R.E., Downing J.A., Bryden W.L., Efleck W.A., Buttemer and Storlien L.H. (1998). Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids of the n-3 and the n-6 series reduce abdominal fat in the chicken (Gallus domesticus). Proc. Nutr. Soc. Australian. 22, 54-62.
Pesti G.M., Bakali R.I., Qiao M. and Sterling K.G. (2020). A comparison of eight grades of fat as broiler feed ingredients. Poult. Sci. 81, 382-390.
Pinchasov Y. and Nir I. (1992). Effect of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid concentration on performance, fat deposition and carcass fatty acid composition in broiler chickens.Poult. Sci. 71, 1504-1512.
Sanz M., Flores A., Perez D.E., Ayala P. and Lopez Bote C.J. (1999). Higher lipid accumulation in broilers fed on saturated fats than in those fed unsaturated fats. Br. Poult. Sci. 40, 95-101.
Sanz M., Flores A. and Lopez Bote C.J. (2000). The metabolic use of energy from dietary fat in broilers is affected by fatty acid saturation. Br. Poult. Sci. 41, 61-68.
Scaife J.R., Moyo J., Galbraith H., Michie W. and Campbell V. (1994). Effect of different dietary supplemental fats and oils on the tissue fatty acid composition and growth of female broilers.Br. Poult. Sci. 35, 107-118.
SPSS. (2007). Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Version 16, SPSS Inc, Chicago, USA.
Stata. (2009). Stata Statistical Software, Version 11C. TX: Stata-CorpLP., College Station, USA.
Zollitsch W., Kmaus W., Aichinger F. and Lettner F. (1996). Effects of different dietary fat sources on performance and carcass characteristics of broilers.Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 66, 63-73.