Therapeutic Evaluation of Mineral Preparation for the Amelioration of Anaemia in Goats of Arid Zone of Rajasthan

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Ethics and Jurisprudence College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Science, Bikaner Rajasthan, 334001, India

2 Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Ani- mal Science, Bikaner Rajasthan, 334001, India

Abstract

An experiment was conducted on eight weak and anaemic goats revealed pale conjunctivae, increased heart rate, rough hair coat, dullness and depression. The haematology showed significantly decreased haemoglobin (7.37±0.16 g %), packed cell volume (PCV)(23.37±0.56%),total erythrocyte count (TEC)(8.12±0.18 million/cumm), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH) (9.10±0.30 pg) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) (28.82±0.80 fl) in anaemic goats as compared to healthy goats. In anaemic goats, the serum level of total protein, albumin,albumin-globulin (A-G) ratio and blood glucose levels were significantly reduced. Biochemical analysis revealed decreased serum copper, cobalt and iron levels in anaemic goats. After haemato-biochemical analysis, anaemic goats were given a mineral preparation i.e., tablets COFECU plus at one tablet daily orally for 30 days. The anaemic goats gradually recovered by alleviating the anaemic syndrome in 30 days of treatment. The haemoglobin (Hb), packed cell volume (PCV), total erythrocyte count (TEC), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH)and mean corpuscular volume (MCV)parameters showed improvement after treatment but are not comparable with the values recorded for healthy control goats indicating some more duration for better recovery. No significant variations in neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils and basophilsvalues were observed in anaemic goats before and after treatment. The biochemical parameters revealed decrease in total serum protein, albumin,albumin-globulin (A-G) ratio and glucose values in goats suffering from anaemia, which recovered satisfactorily as a result of treatment regimens given for 30 days. A significant improvement in serum copper, cobalt and iron levels were observed after treatment of 30 days but could not reach to the level of control. It can be concluded that tablet COFECU plus is quite effective with slow recovery rate in treating the nutritional anaemia in goats and suggest an increase in treatment period.

Keywords


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