1Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Production,Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno,Zemědělská 1, 613 00, Czech Republic
2Opole University of Technology, Ul S, Mikolajczyk 5, 45-271 Opole, Poland
Receive Date: 29 June 2011,
Revise Date: 18 August 2011,
Accept Date: 20 August 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of yeast culture (Saccharomyces cerevisiae SC 47) addition in the diet of dairy cows on their rumen fermentation and milk production. Animals received a diet TMR based on good maize silage with a higher dry matter content (14 kg), 14 kg of lucerne-grass haylage, 5 kg of crushed ears of maize, 5 kg of beet pulp silage, 3 kg of crimped wheat, 2 kg of meadow hay, and 7.0 kg feed mixture.The yeast culture (5 g/day) was added to the mixture. The supplementation of yeast culture showed a positive effect on ruminal volatile fatty acids (VFA)production by the experimental group of Holstein cows in comparison with the control, higher production (P< 0.05) on sampling days 30 and 60 (114±25.44vs. 125±26.49, and 146±32.47 vs. 149±36.64, respectively). The average concentration of ammonia was higher by cows in the control group, and the difference vs. the treated group was significant. The difference in the number of protozoa of cows in the control and experimental groups was significantly (P<0.01) different (353±6.97 vs. 386±3.91ths/1 mL of rumen fluid). Average daily fat corrected milk (FCM) milk production was higher in the experimental group (38±3.33vs. 33±1.64).
Alshaikh M.A., Alsiadi M.Y., Zahran S.M., Mogawer H.H. and Aalshowime T.A. (2002). Effect of feeding yeast culture from different sources on the performance of lactating holstein cows in Saudi Arabia. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci.15, 352-356. AOAC. (2005). Official Methods of Analysis. 18th Ed. Gaithersburg, USA, ISBN 0-935584-375-37. Cooke K.M., Bernard J.K. and West J.W. (2007). Performance of lactating dairy cows fed whole cottonseed coated with gelatinized starch plus urea or yeast culture. J. Dairy Sci.90, 360-364. Dawson K.A. (1999). The effect of the digestible undegradable protein concentration of concentrates and protein source offered to ewes in late pregnancy on colostrum production and lamb performance. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 82, 21-36. Dawson K.A. and Tricarico J. (2002). The evolution of yeast cultures-20 years of research. Pp. 26-43 in: Navigating from Niche Markets to Mainstream. Proc. of Alltech´s European, Middle Eastern and African Lecture Tour. Dolezal P., Dolezal J. and Trinacty J. (2005). The effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on ruminal fermentation in dairy cows. Czech J. Anim. Sci. 50(11), 503-510. Doreau Jouany J.P. (1998). Effect of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae culture on nutrient digestion in lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci.81, 214-221. Erasmus L.J., Botha P.M. and Kistner A. (1992). Effect of yeast culture supplement on production, rumen fermentation, and duodenal nitrogen flow in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci.75, 3056-3065. Garg M.R., Siddiqui M.U., Singh D.K. and Bhanderi B.M. (2000). Effect of supplementing Yea Sacc-1026 inration of Holstein Friesian cows on milk production. Indian J. Anim. Nutr.17(2), 175-177. Hofirek B. and Dvorak R. (2002). Methods for sampling rumen fluid and its practical significance. Farmář.7, 46-47. Kamra D.N., Chaudhary L.C., Agarwal N., Singh R. and Pathak N.N. (2002). Growth performance, nutrient utilization, rumen fermentation and enzyme activites in calves fed on Saccharomyces cerevisiae supplemented diet. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 72, 472-475. Kung L., Kreck E.M., Tung R.S., Hession A.O., Sheperd A.C., Cohen M.A., Swain H.E. and Leedle J.A. (1996). Effects of a live yeast culture and enzymes on in vitro ruminal fermentation and milk production of dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci.80(9), 2045-2051. Lyons T.P. (1997). A new era in animal production: the arrival of the scientifically proven natural alternatives. Pp. 1-3 inProc. 13th AnnualSymposium of Biotechnology in the Feed Industry. Nottingham University Press., Nottingham, UK. Maekawa M., Beauchemin K.A. and Christensen D.A. (2002). Effect of concentrate level and feeding management on chewing activities, saliva production, and ruminal pH of lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy sci.85(5), 1165-1175. Newbold C.J., Williams P.E.V., McKain N., Walker A. and Wallace R.J. (1990). The effects of yeast culture on yeast numbers and fermentation in the rumen of sheep. In: Proc. Nutr. Soc. 49: 47A. Pestevsek U., Pitamic S. and Zust J. (1998). Influence of addition of yeast culture to diets of dairy cows in postpartal period on body weight ruminal fermentation and milk production. Zbornik-Veterinarske-Fakultete Univ. Ljubljana. 35(1-2), 63-69. Putnam D.E., Schwab C.G. and Socha M.T. (1997). Effect of yeast culture in the diets of early lactation dairy cows on ruminal fermentation and passage of nitrogen fractions and amino aci-ds to the small intestine. J. Dairy Sci.80(2), 374-384. Roth S., Scheidemann C., Steingass H. and Andrieu S. (2007). Einsatz von lebendhefe bei Hochleistenden milchkühen unter deutshen bedingungen. Pp. 239-247 in proc. BOKU-Symposium Tierernährung, Wien. Snedecor G.W. and Cochran W.G. (1989). Statistical Methods. 8th Ed. The Iowa State Univ. Press. Sinclair L.A., Ranson K., Ames S. and Wilde D. (2006). The effect of including Yea Sacc® 1026 yeast culture on the intake and performance of high yielding dairy cows fed a diet high in starch. Pp. 62 in Proc. 22th Annual Symposium “Nutritional Biotechnology in the Feed and Food Industries“ Lexington, KY, USA. Strohlein H. (2003). Back to nature. Live yeasts in feed for dairy cows. DMZ. Lebensmittel Industrie Milchwirtschafts. 124, 68-71. Strzetelski J., Maciejewicz J., Bilik K., Stasiniewicz T., Lipiarska E. and Stecka K. (1996). Effect of new yeast preparations of calf rearing, rumen fermentation and protozoa population in the rumen of young bulls. Rocz. Naukowe Zoot. 23, 123-141. Sulivan H.M. and Martin S.H. (1999). Effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae culture on in vitro mixed ruminal microorganism fermentation. J. Dairy Sci.82(9), 2011-2015. Vrzgula L., Alijev A.A., Barej W. and Bartko P. (1990). Disorders of Substances Metabolism of Farm Animals and Their Prevention. Príroda, 2nd Ed. Bratislava. 494 Pp. Zhang Y.L., Cao Y. and Wang Y. (2000). Effects of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on milk production and composition in Holsteindairy cows. China. Dairy Cattle. 5, 20-22.