Effect of Different Levels of Mineral and Vitamin Premix on Laying Hens Performance during the First Laying Phase

Document Type: Short Communication

Author

Department of Animal Science, Maragheh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Maragheh, Iran

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of different levels of mineral and vitamin premix on performance and egg traits of laying hens from 37 to 49 weeks of age. Two hundred and forty laying hens (Hy-Line W-36 strain) were randomly assigned to 5 dietary treatments of four replicates each with 12 hens per replicate). The levels of mineral and vitamin premixes in the experiment were 0, 0.15, 0.25 (as recommended by manufacturer), 0.35 and 0.45% of diets and fed to laying hens for 12 weeks. The results showed that the supplementation of different concentration of mineral and vitamin premix improved (P>0.05) the performance of laying hens. The highest percentage of egg production (83.48), the highest amount of egg mass (47.89 g), the best feed conversion (ratio2.09 g:g) and the lowest price for production per kilogram of (6760 Rials) were observed in group fed: 0.45% of mineral and vitamin premix. Different levels of dietary mineral and vitamin premix did not affect the eggs weight, the amount of daily feed intake and egg traits of laying hens. The overall results of the present study indicate that during the first phase of egg production in laying hens, increasing the levels of dietary mineral and vitamin premix up to 0.45% can improve the performance and reduce the feed cost of egg production.

Keywords


Afshar M., Shivazad M., Mieraei Astiani S.R. and Tavakkuian J. (2006). Invetisgation the effects of vitamin premixes on performance of laying hens. Pajouhesh. Sazandegi. 73, 162-167.
Bartov I., Weisman Y. and Wax E. (1990). Effect of high concentration of dietary vitamin E and Ethoxyquin on the performance of laying hens. Br. Poult. Sci. 32, 525-534.
Bermudez A.J., Swayne D.E., Squires M.W. and Radine M.J. (1993). Effects of vitamin A deficiency on the reproductive system of mature white leghorn hens. Avian Dis. 37, 274-283.
Courtis J.A. and Wilson G.C. (1990). Egg Quality Handbook. Queensland Department of Primary Industries.
Inal F., Coskun B., Gulsen N. and Kurtoglu V. (2001). The effects of withdrawal of vitamin and trace mineral supplements from layer diets on egg yield and trace mineral composition. Br. Poult. Sci. 42, 77-80.
Jafari A., Navidshad B., Abolghasemi A., Royan M. and Seighalani R. (2005). Effects of dietary mineral premix reduction or withdrawal on broilers performance. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 4, 896-899.
Michael W. and Edward C. (1992). Vitamin profits of eggs as indicators of nutritional status in the laying hen vitamin B12 study. Poult. Sci. 71, 1150-1156.
NRC. (1994). Nutrient Requirements of Poultry, 9th Rev. Ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
Nobakht A. and Taghizadeh A. (2008). The effects different levels of dietary minerals and vitamins premixes on laying hens performance in late laying period. Anim. Sci. Res. 18(3), 222-231.
Nobakht A. (2013). The effects of different levels of minerals and vitamins premixes on performance of laying hens with wheat and corn base diets. Iranian J. Anim. Sci. Res. 4, 281-293.
Nobakht A., Pishiangh J., Zanburi A. and Ahadi F. (2008). Investigation the effects of some commercial minerals and vitamins premixes on performance of laying hens. J. Agric. Nat. Res. 16(3), 1-9.
Saly J., Kusa J. and Jantosovie J. (1996). The effect of vitamin E on egg production in laying hens. Poult. Abst. 22, 337.
SAS Institute. (2005). SAS Users guide: Statistics. 9.12. SAS InstituteInc., Cary, NC.
Sato Y., Schineebell M. and Sato G. (1994). A occurrence of vitamin A deficiency in chickens in Zambia. Poult. Abst. 14, 112.
Scott M.L., Nesheim M.C. and Young R.J. (1982). Nutrition of the Chicken. Scott and Associates, Ithaca, NY, USA.
Zagari M. and Mohiti Asli M. (2011). Effects f dietary vitamin E or C on layer hen performance, serum parameters and egg cholesterol content. Res. Vet. J. 66(2), 137-142.