A Review of Microsatellite Marker Usage in the Assessment of Genetic Diversity of Camelus

Document Type : Review Article


Institute of Biological Science, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Camels have been regarded as the desert ship and they play multi-utility role in the world. Estimation of genetic parameters is foremost step towards managing the genetic resources for their conservation and sustainable utilization. Microsatellite markers have been extensively used in cattle, sheep, goat and camels. However, genetic characterization studies on camels has been poorly recorded. There has been a rapid increase in amount of molecular data produced from indigenous camel populations, which clearly shows awareness among the scientific community. Based on the studies carried out in Australia, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Canary Islands, India, Egypt and Tunisia the camels have shown very wide genetic diversity via the predefined microsatellite markers. It is highly recommended that to use following microsatellite markers to find the highly informative heterozygosity data: YWLL08, YWLL09, YWLL38, YWLL44, YWLL59, VOLP03, VOLP08, VOLP10, VOLP32, VOLP67, LCA66, CVRL01, CVRL05, CVRL06, CVRL07 and CMS50. These markers have shown a high level of allelic richness and polymorphic information content. Therefore, future genetic diversity analysis on camel can be based on these highly useful markers.


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