1Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
2Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Qaemshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr, Iran
Receive Date: 11 March 2014,
Revise Date: 18 July 2014,
Accept Date: 31 July 2014
The present study evaluated effects of 0.0%, 0.5%, 0.75% and 1.0% L-threonine in diet on performance and gastrointestinal tract development in broiler chickens during summer. From 0 to 42 days old, body weight gain was greater in 0.75% L-threonine fed birds than in 0.0% and 0.5% L-threonine fed birds (P<0.05). Moreover, in jejunum and ileum both the 0.75% and 1.0% L-threonine intake caused longer villus height as compared to 0.0% and 0.5% L-threonine (P<0.05), but no other morphological parameters were affected by L-threonine supplementation (P>0.05). No significant differences were observed between the treatments for feed intake and feed conversion ratio during the starter, grower or whole experimental period (P>0.05). During the growth period, 0.75% L-threonine fed birds had the highest body weight gain (P<0.05). Carcass traits were not affected by treatments (P>0.05). In conclusion, supplementation of 0.75% L-threonine improved the intestinal morphology and body weight gain of broilers under hot conditions. As well as, the higher levels of L-threonine (1.0) percent in diet can will increased the villus height in the jejunum and ileum.
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